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Common injuries in Dog
The most common injuries in Dog are shown below:
1. Soft Tissue Trauma (Sprains, Strains, and Pulled Muscles) in Dogs:
Soft tissue is those that are present surrounding the bones and joints. Most importantly we can say it as muscles, tendon and ligaments. This soft tissue trauma describes a group of minor or major injuries to muscles or joints.
Muscles are responsible for any body movement. Tendon is used to connect the muscles to the bones. Ligament is used to connect one bone with the other. Damage to any of these will result in injuries such as swelling, pain and cause inability to use the parts.
Limping is a major symptom of soft tissue trauma. Other symptom of pain includes panting, lack of appetite, or personality changes.
Anti-inflammatory medications are used to expedite the healing process. It is important to differentiate soft tissue trauma from more serious conditions that cause limping, such as torn ligaments, broken bones, and arthritis
2. Cruciate Ligament Injury:
It is located in knee where it is helpful in strengthening the bone joints. Injury leads to the weakness of knee joints. Cruciate Ligament Injury is mainly caused by the trauma to the knee. This causes pain, swelling, and limping.
It may occur for several reasons:
- Obesity or excessive weight is a risk factor for cruciate ligament injury.
- Degeneration and stretching may lead to these injuries.
Severe limping on one rear leg is the most common symptom of cruciate ligament damage.
Most of the injury can be treated by surgery which involves cleaning of joints and removing & replacing of ligament.
3. Lacerations or Bite Wounds:
- Most of the dog’s’ injuries are caused due to the bite wound. These can occur when two animals engage in a fight or aggressive play. It can result in serious injuries like crushing, tearing, puncturing and lacerations of the skin and underlying tissues.
- These types wound may require stitches, bandage and antibiotic injections. So it is important to consult with the veterans.
4. Ocular (Eye) Trauma:
- It may result from either blunt or sharp forces applied to the eyes. These happened when the flat or dull object hit the surface of the eye. These can range from mild (corneal scratches and abrasions) to bad (corneal ulcers) to severe (perforations and globe rupture).
- Symptoms may include pawing at the eye, blinking rapidly, swollen, inflamed, blood in the eye and foreign object in the eye that are clearly visible.
- These injuries in pet can lead to corneal ulcers, which become increasingly dangerous the longer they are left untreated. Such injuries always require veterinary treatment.
5. Sprains and strains Injury:
- Strains injure tendons that used to connect the muscles with bones. These may occur when it stretches too far. These usually occur to athletic dg but may also occur to dog that slips, falls, or jumps during normal play.
- Strain injures the ligaments that connect bones which causes joint damage. The wrist and knee are the common injury for strain in dog. These usually occur to hunting dogs that jump hurdles, as well as average dog which hurts himself by hard landing off the couch, or even by something as simple as stepping in a hole.
- Symptoms of both injuries are the same — swelling and inflammation in the area of damage.
- These can be treated by keeping ice on the infected area for reducing swelling. Also should rest for at least 48 hours. If it struggles to stand on his feet it should be consulted with veterinarian.
6. Gastric Foreign Object(s) Ingestion:
- Foreign bodies occur when pets consume items that will not readily pass through their gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal foreign bodies, especially strings, can often lead to perforation of the intestinal tract and spillage of intestinal contents into the abdomen.
- This condition quickly leads to inflammation of the abdominal lining (peritonitis) and allows bacterial proliferation and contamination.
- Symptoms may include vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, dehydration and diarrhea.
- Surgical intervention is not always required with Gastric Foreign Object. If the ingested item is small it may pass outside without causing damage. Some of the particles may stick to the tract which can be removed by flexible endoscope.
7. Torn or injured nail:
- It is one of the most common injuries in Dog. It mostly occurs as a result of nail catching or snagging on carpet or other material while dog is running. These injuries may produce the slight amount of blood. In many cases, pain will persist until the damaged portion of the nail is removed by a veterinarian.
- Limping is very common symptoms in case of this injury. Also swollen may occur in the affected foot.
- Treatment is to remove the damaged portion of the nail.
8. Mouth Trauma or Fractured Tooth:
- Tooth fractures refer to tooth injuries which involves the damage to the enamel (White substance over the teeth), dentin (tissue which holds the teeth) and cement. These injuries may occur either on the enamel-covered top portion of the tooth (the crown) or the part below the gum line (the root).
- Symptoms may include inflammation and infection. Also it shows blood or pink tissue around the affected area.
- Treatment may involve surgery when the damage is severe.
9. Pet abrasions:
- When the top layers of skin have been abraded and tissue under the skin is not disturbed, we refer to this injury as a skin abrasion. Most of these injuries are not more than an inch or two so can be treated with first aid. Larger or deeper may require veterinarian’s attention.
- Minor injuries can be treated by using warm water to flush the wound in order to remove dirt and debris from the area. Apply an antibiotic cream to the area two to three times daily. When these kinds of injuries require emergency care, but to be on the safe side, it is always good to check with the veterinarian.
10. Insect or snake bites:
- It is one of the most common wound in Dogs. To prevent from this kind of wound it is important to watch out your backyards for any insects/snakes.
- For insects bite, a veterinarian may prescribe an anti-inflammatory medication. Some may cause severe damage needs surgery.
- For snake bite, it is important to get your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
It's important to bring your pet to the veterinarian as soon as you notice something wrong. Waiting can make things worse, particularly for foreign object ingestion or a cruciate ligament injury. Animals are often aggressive when they're harmed, so it's essential to know what's normal for your dog.