Diet and Nutrients for Dogs
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Diet and Nutrients for Dogs


Essential nutrients for Dog:

There are few essential nutrients that your dog should consume on a daily basis. If you’re not feeding him with the essential nutrients will results in poor health and obesity.

Below are the essential nutrient details:

1. Protein:

Proteins help to build and maintain muscles, organs, bones, hair, nails, body tissues and the immune system. Many of the manufactures use vegetable protein in their foods which makes it difficult to digest for the dog. The best sources of proteins are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, grains, and soy.

Signs of protein deficiencies are as follows:

  • 1. Growth problems
  • 2. Weakened immune system
  • 3. Poor muscle development
  • 4. Dry, brittle fur
  • 5. Anemia

Adult dog requires a minimum of 20% protein in their diet and 25% for reproduction and growth.

2. Water:

Your dog water needs is mainly depend on the energy level that possesses. If it is more active then large quantity of water is required and vice versa for the other.

It is highly important for your dog to access the water more easily and frequently. Some may reduce the intake of water during evening and late evening to avoid the use of bathroom in night time.

It helps the Dogs body to:

  • 1. For the transport of oxygen and nutrients to circulate throughout the body.
  • 2. To maintain body temperature.
  • 3. For loosening the muscle tissues.
  • 4. Helps in digestion.
  • 5. It removes bacteria through urinary tract.
  • 6. Easy constipation.

3. Vitamins and Minerals:

Vitamins and Minerals are the essential nutrient needed by your dog to maintain good health and growth. Since it cannot produce the essential nutrients on its own it is essential to supply externally.

Essential minerals such as calcium, iron, and magnesium which are rich in the following food items:

  • 1. Milk
  • 2. Fish
  • 3. Bread
  • 4. Fruits and vegetables
  • 5. Grains

Many of the pet food manufacturers are promised that there product contains the entire supplement. But some may be lost during heating process. So it is necessary to choose the branded packed food that contains all the vitamins and minerals.

It is important to consult with the veterinarian to know what amount of nutrients and minerals that your dog needs on the daily basis.

4. Fat:

Fat helps the dog to provide with the healthy skin coat, eyes, brain, and other tissues and also gives energy to be active for the day. Dog needs a minimum of 5% of fat in their diet. So it is important not to buy a fat-free dog food.

Source of fat foods such as

  • 1. Lamb fat
  • 2. Chicken fat
  • 3. Herring oil
  • 4. Sunflower oil

5. Carbohydrates:

It is the most important nutrients along with Proteins and fat. Also it provides high level of energy for your dog to be active.

Don’t give uncooked grains for dog as a supplement of carbohydrates as it may causes indigestion. It is good to give your dog rice and grains which is cooked in chicken or beef broth.

It is rich in the below sources:

  • 1. Rice
  • 2. Potatoes
  • 3. Whole grain breads and other grains
  • 4. Corn
  • 5. Barley

6. Fatty Acids:

The dietary fatty acid is categorized as essential and non-essential. The Non-essential fatty acids can be produced within a dog’s body once it meets the certain requirement.

The essential fatty acid has to be supplied external through the diet food. These fatty acids are rich in grains and animal fat. Many of the pet food manufacture have appropriate level of fatty acid in their product itself.

Dogs require one essential fatty acid (linoleic acid), which is a type of omega- 3 fatty acid. Linoleic acid is rich in Vegetable oils including flaxseed oil, canola oil, walnut oil, and soybean oil.

The high quality of this omega- 3 fatty acid has several health benefits. Before feeding the omega-3 fatty acid consult with your veterans for right amount to feed.

Feeding of the appropriate proportion of food:

Dog should typically have two meals a day. A recommended meal and servicing size is mentioned on all the food packages.

  • 1. For Toy dog requires 2-12lbs: 1/2 - 1 1/4 cups
  • 2 .For small dogs require 15-25 lbs.: 1 1/4 – 2 cups
  • 3. For medium dogs require 25-50 lbs.: 2 – 3 3/4 cups
  • 4. For large dogs require 50-100 lbs.: 3 3/4 – 6 3/4 cups
  • 5. For extra-large dog requires over 100 lbs.: 6 3/4 plus

Feeding right food:

It is important to feed right food for your dog to be healthy and active.

For giving the right food, milk should not be replaced with water since it results in diarrhea.

Raw meat, fish or eggs can create problems in your Dog’s body such as dermatitis, seizures, etc.

It is most important that your dog's food is thoroughly cooked and avoid anything with small bones, which can cause your dog to choke. Keep sweets out your dog's reach. Chocolate, in particular can be toxic to them.