Dog bites or dog attacks are attack on humans by domestic dogs. Since as humans we are very close to dogs which may be the cause for minor to major attacks.
Injuries may occur deeper which may go deeper inside the skin including muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels. It may cause septic and carries the risk of transmitting tetanus and rabies.
If the injuries are minor (Barely breaks the skin) treat them with running water using soap and antibiotic cream and loose sterile bandage. Cleaning of wound decreases the risk of infection.
It is highly recommended to consult with doctor if the bites are deeper and cause tearing of muscles & infected.
Children are more likely to be bitten by dogs than adults.
Treatment for Dog bites:
For minor bites:
For Severe dog bites:
1. It may have one or more severe punctures on the muscles due to dogs bite. These punctures are followed by the tearing of the tissues. Some may leads to sign of bone or joint damage. Some needs immediate attention they are:
2. It is good to apply pressure on the wound to slow the bleeding before reaching to the doctor.
3. After reaching to the doctor, the treatment includes for stopping of bleeding and to determine whether sutures is required or not. If the bite is severe that he may go for x-ray to determine the proper medical suggestion or treatment. If he feels that you are at high risk for infection then he prescribes amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) for 2-3 days.
Prevention of Dog bite:
Dog bites often happens due to miscommunication between the Dog and the victim. Most of the dog bites happened occurs at home with dogs that are familiar to us compared to stray dog.
Prevention starts with:
Who is most at risk for dog bites?
Children: They are more often affected by the dogs bite. The rate of injuries is highest for those between 5 to 9 years old. Compared to adults they are more affected and require immediate medical attention. Most dog bites affecting young children occur during everyday activities and while interacting with familiar dogs.
Men: Men are more likely to be affected than women.
Safety tips to prevent Dog bites:
One of the first steps in preventing dog bites is recognizing situations that can make a dog more likely to bite.
Protective moms: It is highly suggested not to go nearer to mother dog that is taking care for her puppies.
Dogs that are off leash: If it approaches you with off leash, don’t run away and yell or not to make loud noise. Stop! Stay still and be calm. Avoid direct eye contact with the dog.
Respect a dog's space: It is advised not to place the hand casual on the dog's fence or other property immediately before it recognizes you.
Be careful around sick and old dogs: Compared to younger ones they may be more irritable so approach them with more caution.
Other tips include: