The kind of general care depends on the breed, age and health of the cat.
Cat’s skin and coat
Cats with long hairs and thick undercoats require lot of attention compared to the ones with lesser hair. The area under the tail has to be regularly trimmed to avoid the feces from getting stuck to the hair.
Breeds with less hair may seem to eliminate the need for grooming but it can lead to skin care problems. Cats are naturally bred to have hair to protect themselves from changing weather conditions; giving it the required warmth, safeguard its sensitive skin and to distribute oils evenly for a water proof coat.
Cat owners need to pay great attention in keeping the skin clean. Bathing your cat every week to remove the excess oil secretions will keep the skin fresh and healthy.
Cat’s ear care
Cats are naturally good at grooming themselves. Even though they are capable of cleaning the behind and inner flap of their ears, they sometimes require your help. So it’s good to inspect your cat’s ears once in a while. The ears may look dirty because of the wax secretions but it may also be because of some allergies or skin irritation. It’s always better to consult with your veterinarian before you clean their ears, as they are very sensitive.
Cat’s eye care
A good home examination of the cat’s eye at regular intervals goes a long way in identifying any problem before it becomes serious. The cat’s pupils on both the eyes should be of the same size. If you notice your pet constantly scratching its eyes, then make a good inspection and look out for symptoms like watery eyes, discharge of any kind or change in eye color. Cats have a third eye called the nictitating membrane to protect the eyes from dryness. In case of distress to the eyes, the third eye may be visible, which indicates the necessity for veterinary examination. It’s okay to clean the eyes carefully with a soft ball of cotton to remove any crust formation on the eyes. Cats are prone to disorders like cataracts, conjunctivitis, glaucoma and bulging eyes.
Cat’s nails and paws care
A well maintained and clean cat is always a happy cat. It’s important to keep the feet of a cat healthy and wound free so that it can go about with its regular activities like scratching and climbing without any problems. Indoor cats require regular trimming of their nails as they might take a long time to wear off. Keep an eye on the claws so that they are not overgrown and inhibit the regular activities of the cats.
Cat’s dental care
Regular home inspection of the teeth, tongue and gums is a must. Damage to any of these can lead to many health problems in your cat. Firm and pink gums without swelling indicates healthy gums. If you notice your cat suffering from loose teeth, swollen gums, tongue ulcers, excessive salivation and difficulty in chewing food then it is important to take your cat for a veterinary examination.